Essay about democracy in pakistan
The minimum consensus is the beginning point of democracy. Democracy is not only a form of government; it is a philosophy which encompasses all aspects of rights and freedom.
The fear of the collapse of the state encouraged authoritarian style of governance. Kalim Bahadur,Democracy in Pakistan crises and conflicts; page But in the political sphere the decision for choosing the form of government has been left for the people, provided that the described requirements for vicegerency are met and the fact that sovereignty lies with Allah alone.
The presence of irritants like troubled civil-military relations, complex inter-mingling of religion and politics coupled with deep- rooted religious extremism has contributed significantly to the weakening of the roots of democratic system in the country. As mentioned above, the rules were regained by General Ayub Khan and since then Pakistan has been a Democratic country. Pakistan's early rulers did not pay special attention to democratization other political system because their major concern was how to ensure the survival of the state in view of internal and external challenges. Due to entrenched dynastic politics in the country, political parties have become personal fiefdoms of the politicians who are obsessed with controlling everything from the top. History is witnessed that in Pakistan, democratic tendency was already weak since from foundation of Pakistan but without internal and external check it became weaker later. This trend by the executive to influence all and sundry made. It is necessary that the young and the growing minds should imbibe the spirit of fellow-feeling, the spirit of tolerance, the habit of compromise, and show due regard for the feelings and opinion of others without which a democratic society cannot function, let alone succeed. These governments failed despite sincere wishes of the individual leaders who came to the fore through any of these Processes. The level of debate in the two houses of the parliament and provincial assemblies is low and these elected bodies often face the shortage of quorum which shows the non-seriousness of the political parties and their members in the elected houses in dealing with the national issues and problems. From years the political parties are working on their own betterment rather than the country establishment. Zia's Martial regime was supposed to be the shortest one but it turned out to be the longest in the history of Pakistan.
Democracy demands the nation to be educated, conscious of their rights and aware of their strengths only then it improves the society on the individual as well as the national level. This makes the political institutions and processes viable.
The masses were even not able to resist the Martial Laws, and the civil society always succumbed to the military rule. Such a people would not be expected to pass a legislation that contradicts Islam and its incontestable principles Sharia and conclusive rules.
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