Form of govt during spanish era

Form of govt during spanish era

Five expeditions were sent: that of Loaisa , Cabot , Saavedra , Villalobos , and Legazpi The only laws created in the Philippines are those who were ordered by the Governor General. Thus, even in the area of religion, pre-Spanish Filipino culture was not entirely destroyed. After , the colony was governed directly from Spain. Pre — historically we have seen how they established their government and basically, we can say that it is far more primitive than the present system that we have. References: Philippine History. The priests tried to move all the people into pueblos, or villages, surrounding the great stone churches. It is a special government body that oversees matters. During the American Period, Church-owned lands were subdivided as a measure of land reform. He is the highest officer in the island and responsible for implementing laws from the mother country. The alcalde mayors represented the Spanish kind the governor general in their respective provinces. The colony was administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain now Mexico until when Mexico achieved independence from Spain.

Manila dominated the islands not only as the political capital. Manila became a major center of trade in Asia between the 17th and 18th centuries. According to popular belief, Malays subsequently came from the south in.

Legazpi became the country's first governor-general.

who colonized the philippines

Manila was also the ecclesiastical capital of the Philippines. The priests and friars had a command of local languages rare among the lay Spanish, and in the provinces they outnumbered civil officials.

The highest-ranking official in the Philippines was the Governor General.

Government of spanish colonies

The cultural goal of the Spanish clergy was nothing less than the full Christianization and Hispanization of the Filipino. The socioeconomic consequences of the Spanish policies that accompanied this shift reinforced class differences. It is a special government body that oversees matters. Spanish colonists[ edit ] The European population in the archipelago steadily grew although indigenous Filipinos remained the majority. The local government was composed of the following: Provincial Government and Municipal Government. He dominated the Audiencia , or high court, was captain-general of the armed forces, and enjoyed the privilege of engaging in commerce for private profit. The enconmenderos were only territorial overseers who had the duty to protect the people in the encomienda, maintain peace and order, promote education and health programs, and help the missionaries propagate Christianity.

Some Japanese ships visited the Philippines in the s in order to export Japanese silver and import Philippine gold. Moros from western Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago also raided the coastal Christian areas of Luzon and the Visayas and occasionally captured men and women to be sold as slaves.

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The Type of Government in the Philippines in the Spanish Colonial Period