Radio ad musculoskeletal system in elderly

How does aging affect muscular size and strength

Small molecules nutrients like glucose, oxygen can easily enter the disc and move through the matrix. However, since discs which have degenerated have lower proteoglycan concentrations, fluid can flow through the matrix faster. These changes range from minor stiffness to severe arthritis. The lactate concentration in the centre of the nucleus may be six to eight times higher than that in the blood or interstitium. As SirT1 levels decline with age, sclerostin is released from inhibition to suppress bone formation. Cells: The intervertebral disc has a very low density of cells in comparison to other tissues. The cartilage may begin to rub together and wear away. Women need to be particularly careful to get enough calcium and vitamin D as they age. Supply of nutrients Because the disc receives nutrients from the blood supply of the adjacent tissues, the nutrients such as oxygen and glucose must diffuse through the matrix to the cells in the centre of the disc.

Arthritis is the swelling of joints and causes a lot of pain. Every month one in five people suffers from low-back or sciatic pain, and at any point in time, one in six people has a clinically verifiable low-back pain syndrome.

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effects of aging on skeletal muscle

The lumbar spinal canal is filled by the extension of the spinal cord, cauda equina, which is composed of the spinal nerve roots. If you have osteoporosis, talk to your provider about prescription treatments. Coordination is directed by the brain, but is affected by changes in the muscles and joints.

This process may lead to osteoarthritis.

Effects of aging on the musculoskeletal system

For example, untreated annular tears may eventually take on this form. Changes in the muscles, joints, and bones affect the posture and walk, and lead to weakness and slowed movement. To compensate, fluid seeps out of the disc, increasing proteoglycan concentration and disc osmotic pressure. If so you may be experiencing early symptoms of arthritis or osteoporosis, two of the most common problems with maintaining a healthy musculoskeletal system. Some types of arthritis run in families and the risk of many types of arthritis including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout increases with age Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, The discs increase in size down the spine, to approximately 45mm antero-posteriorly, 64mm laterally and 11mm height in the lower back region. Degeneration of the disc leads to a loss of proteoglycan and a shift in its structure, disorganization of the collagen network and an ingrowth of blood vessels. Disc metabolism is mainly anaerobic. Now there are also some things to avoid such as excessive protein intake, smoking and drinking. The risk of injury increases because gait changes , instability, and loss of balance may lead to falls. Fluid flow through such small pores is very slow, and thus even though there is a large pressure differential, the rate at which fluid is lost, and hence the rate of disc creep, is slow. Talk to your health care provider before starting a new exercise program.

Exercise helps the bones stay strong.

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Radio Ad: Musculoskeletal System in Elderly Essay