The great mosque od domascus

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Al-Walid chose a site that was already considered holy: it had originally housed a temple dedicated to the Syrian storm-god Hadad, which was replaced with a Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter Dolichenus, which was in turn replaced with the Church of John the Baptist. This prayer hall has three aisles that run parallel to the qibla wall and an axial nave that runs perpendicular to it. The Umayyads used various decoration techniques to embellish their mosques. According to Baibars' biographer, Ibn Shaddad , the restorations cost the sultan a sum of 20, dinars. Later under the Byzantine Christians, the temple became known as St. Mosaics depicting a palm left and a pear right The mosaics depict a heavenly landscape with trees with their fruits, rivers with boats and elaborately designed palaces and pavilions, but because of the Muslim prohibition of representing human beings and animals, there is neither a bird singing on a tree, nor a sailor in control of a boat. There is a consensus that the artists in charge of these remarkable works were Byzantine. In addition to the fact that the Byzantine were the main masters of mosaic decoration at that time, the characteristics and style of these works greatly resembles that which is typical of Byzantine works Creswell, Flowing rivers, fantastic houses, and richly foliate trees of variegated greens ornament the golden background. A large church was founded here, in the honour of Saint John the Baptist. Grafman, R. Write to romapip quipo. The inscriptions state that the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah ordered the construction of the dome. Flood, describes the Bahri Mamluks ' attitude towards the mosque as an "obsessive interest" and their efforts at maintaining, repairing and restoring the mosque were unparalleled in any other period of Muslim rule. The Ummayyad Mosque represents the first instance of the adoption of the square minaret.

On three sides of the court there is a single-aisled portico. The church was enlarged to become a cathedral, dedicated to St.

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At that time, Damascus was one of the most important cities in the Middle East and it would later become the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

Mosaics depicting a palm left and a pear right The mosaics depict a heavenly landscape with trees with their fruits, rivers with boats and elaborately designed palaces and pavilions, but because of the Muslim prohibition of representing human beings and animals, there is neither a bird singing on a tree, nor a sailor in control of a boat.

Some of the original 8th-century mosaics still remain: on the north outer face of the transept, under the gable; on the arcades and back of the west portico; and on the arches of the vestibule.

The great mosque od domascus

He has absolute power, command and wisdom. The fourth wall known as the qibla 3 has a long prayer hall that, similar to a Christian basilica, has an east-west axis. After long negotiations with the Christian community of Damascus, Al-Walid bought the derelict site and the construction began. Grafman, R. This nave is 20 meters wide defined by four large piers and consists of three squares. Archaeological excavations have uncovered the oldest architectural remains, belonging to the Aramaic period, and which were dedicated to the god Hadad. A laborer engaging in repair work accidentally started the fire when he was smoking his nargila water pipe. Thus, the Umayyad Mosque reportedly suffered under their rule, with little recorded building activity between the 8th and 10th centuries. Mamluk sultan al-Nasir Muhammad also undertook major restoration work for the mosque in This prayer hall has three aisles that run parallel to the qibla wall and an axial nave that runs perpendicular to it. It was the first time a pope paid a visit to a mosque. It was the first time a pope paid a visit to a mosque. Grafman R. Each support row is bilevel.

It was restored to its full glory, including the replacement of most of columns and dome, between and To these I wanted to add a fifth: this mosque. John the Baptiste church.

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Betweenthe western wall of the sanctuary was rebuilt and decorated with mosaics. The Mamluks under Qalawun drove out the Mongols later that year.

However, the twentieth-century restorations were not always undertaken with great scientific rigor.

great umayyad mosque of damascus

Creswell demonstrated such false claims by comparing the size and character of contemporary Syrian churches to those of the Great Mosque which he found were too small for the size of the Mosque.

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The Great Ummayad Mosque « Muslim Heritage