Al-Idrisi accounts the construction, openings in the walls throughout the rectangular shaft with lead used as a filling agent in between the masonry blocks at the base. If you observe the minaret that this sultan built in Cairo, you will find that it follows the same architectural form as the lighthouse of Alexandria: Square at the bottom, octagonal at the center and cylindrical at the top.
Working beneath the surface, they searched the bottom of the sea for artifacts. During the night, it appears as a brilliant star; during the day one distinguishes the smoke. Note however that there were other statues on the lighthouse, along its base.
Alexandria: City of the Western Mind.
The bottommost section was square and held government offices and stables. Ancient, but not enough to be contemporary with the monument, so there is always a part of interpretation in its representation, however weak. It was described in the Zhu fan zhi "Records of Foreign Peoples" by Zhao Rugua —a Chinese customs inspector for the southern port city of Quanzhou during the Song dynasty.
The presence of the Alexandrian pahre among the seven wonders of the world is thus a way of marking the power of the Egyptian kingdom during Antiquity, Alexandria being the commercial, social and intellectual center of this kingdom at that time.
It was only after the great mirror had been destroyed and the top two portions of the tower removed that the Caliph realized he'd been deceived. It was a technological triumph and is the archetype of all lighthouses since. Learn More. The agent managed to escape in a ship waiting for him.
If there are not enough texts explaining how the lighthouse was built and how it went through the centuries, we still have some information thanks to interesting testimonials.